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Type: Journal article
Title: Proton-functionalized two-dimensional graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet: an excellent metal-/label-free biosensing platform
Author: Ma, T.
Tang, Y.
Dai, S.
Qiao, S.
Citation: Small, 2014; 10(12):2382-2389
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1613-6810
Statement of
Tian Yi Ma, Youhong Tang, Sheng Dai, and Shi Zhang Qiao
Abstract: Ultrathin graphitic carbon nitride (g-C₃N₄) nanosheets, due to their interesting two-dimensional graphene-like structure and unique physicochemical properties, have attracted great research attention recently. Here, a new approach is developed to prepare, for the first time, proton-functionalized ultrathin g-C₃N₄ nanosheets by sonication-exfoliation of bulk g-C₃N₄ under an acid condition. This method not only reduces the exfoliation time from more than 10 h to 2 h, but also endows the nanosheets with positive charges. Besides retaining the properties of g-C₃N₄, the obtained nanosheets with the thickness of 2-4 nm (i.e., 6-12 atomic monolayers) also exhibit large specific surface area of 305 m² g⁻¹, enhanced fluorescence intensity, and excellent water dispersion stability due to their surface protonation and ultrathin morphology. The well-dispersed protonated g-C₃N₄ nanosheets are able to interact with negatively charged heparin, which results in the quenching of g-C₃N₄ fluorescence. A highly sensitive and highly selective heparin sensing platform based on protonated g-C₃N₄ nanosheets is established. This metal-free and fluorophore label-free system can reach the lowest heparin detection limit of 18 ng mL⁻¹.
Keywords: Carbon nitride; nanosheets; heparin; biosensing; fluorescence
Rights: © 2014 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
RMID: 0030011976
DOI: 10.1002/smll.201303827
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Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering publications

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