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|Title:||The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory|
|Author:||The Pierre Auger Collaboration|
Al Samarai, I.
Alvarez Castillo, J.
Alves Batista, R.
|Citation:||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2015; 798:172-213|
|A. Aab ... K.B. Barber ... J.A. Bellido ... S.G. Blaess ... R.W. Clay ... M.J. Cooper ... B.R. Dawson ... T.D. Grubb ... G.C. Hill ... M. Malacari ... P.H.Nguyen ... S.J. Saffi ... A.G.K. Smith ... J. Sorokin ... P. van Bodegom, ... N.Wild ... et al. (Pierre Auger Collaboration)|
|Abstract:||The Pierre Auger Observatory, located on a vast, high plain in western Argentina, is the world׳s largest cosmic ray observatory. The objectives of the Observatory are to probe the origin and characteristics of cosmic rays above 10¹⁷ eV and to study the interactions of these, the most energetic particles observed in nature. The Auger design features an array of 1660 water Cherenkov particle detector stations spread over 3000 km² overlooked by 24 air fluorescence telescopes. In addition, three high elevation fluorescence telescopes overlook a 23.5 km², 61-detector infilled array with 750 m spacing. The Observatory has been in successful operation since completion in 2008 and has recorded data from an exposure exceeding 40,000 km² sr yr. This paper describes the design and performance of the detectors, related subsystems and infrastructure that make up the Observatory.|
|Keywords:||Pierre Auger Observatory; High energy cosmic rays; Hybrid observatory; Water Cherenkov detectors; Air fluorescence detectors|
|Rights:||© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CCBY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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