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|Title:||Social Applications of Geographical Information Systems: technical tools for social innovation|
|Citation:||Australian Geographer, 2016; 47(4):417-433|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis (Routledge)|
|Danielle Taylor and Jarrod Lange|
|Abstract:||The establishment of the National Key Centre for Social Applications of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in 1995, under the directorship of Professor Graeme Hugo, was a turning point in the use of GIS in Australia. The field of GIS, previously dominated by environmental applications, now broadened its focus to include populations, services and the interactions between people and the environment. Social applications of GIS offered a unique opportunity to make service planning, reporting, funding allocations and research both smarter and fairer. Geography and geographic relationships as implemented in GIS became the integrating platform for social spatial information, invigorating social research, planning and policy. A key strength of this approach, recognised by Professor Hugo, was the ability to ‘put people back into the planning process’. Further to being an integrating platform, GIS also offered the ability to generate new information and knowledge, which could facilitate evidence-based decision making. This paper focuses in particular on providing a written record of the development of the Accessibility/ Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA) suite of spatial accessibility indices. The lasting legacy and continued relevance of this work in social applications of GIS is also reviewed in this paper, with reference to key examples of how social research and planning in Australia have been made both smarter and fairer through the contributions of Professor Hugo and his team.|
|Keywords:||Geographical Information Systems; GIS; accessibility; remoteness; planning; inequalities; locational disadvantage; social equity; ARIA|
|Description:||Published online: 28 Sep 2016|
|Rights:||© 2016 Geographical Society of New South Wales Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications|
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