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|Title:||Long-term risk for device-related complications and reoperations after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation: an observational cohort study|
|Citation:||Annals of Internal Medicine, 2016; 165(1):20-29|
|Publisher:||American College of Physicians|
|Isuru Ranasinghe, Craig S. Parzynski, James V. Freeman, Rachel P. Dreyer, Joseph S. Ross, Joseph G. Akar, Harlan M. Krumholz and Jeptha P. Curtis|
|Abstract:||Background: Long-term nonfatal outcomes after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement are poorly defined. Objective: To determine the long-term risk for ICD-related complications requiring reoperation or hospitalization and reoperation for reasons other than complications, and to assess associated patient and device characteristics. Design: Observational cohort study of ICD implantations from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD registry linked with Medicare fee-for-service claims data. Setting: 1437 U.S. hospitals. Patients: 114 484 patients aged 65 years or older (mean, 74.8 years [SD, 6.2]; 72.4% male) receiving an ICD for the first time from 2006 to 2010 (single-chamber, 19.8%; dual-chamber, 41.3%; cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator [CRT-D], 38.9%). Measurements: Rate and cumulative incidence of ICD-related complications requiring reoperation or hospitalization and reoperation for reasons other than complications. Results: During a median follow-up of 2.7 years (interquartile range, 1.8 to 3.9 years), 40 072 patients died, representing 12.6 (95% CI, 12.5 to 12.7) deaths per 100 patient-years of follow-up. When the risk for death was accounted for, there were 6.1 (CI, 6.0 to 6.2) ICD-related complications per 100 patient-years that required reoperation or hospitalization and 3.9 (CI, 3.8 to 4.0) reoperations per 100 patient-years for reasons other than complications. Overall, 10 patients had complications or reoperation per 100 patient-years of follow-up. Younger age at implantation (65 to 69 vs. >85 years) (hazard ratio [HR], 1.55 [CI, 1.43 to 1.69]), receipt of a CRT-D device (HR, 1.38 [CI, 1.31 to 1.45]) versus a single-chamber device, female sex (HR, 1.16 [CI, 1.12 to 1.21]), and black race (HR, 1.14 [CI, 1.05 to 1.23]) were associated with the greatest increased risks for ICD-related complications. Limitation: The analysis was limited to Medicare fee-for-service patients aged 65 years or older. Conclusion: Patients have a high rate of device-related complications and reoperation for other causes after ICD implantation. Risks of ICD implantation and strategies to reduce them should be actively considered before implantation. Primary Funding Source: American College of Cardiology Foundation's National Cardiovascular Data Registry.|
|Rights:||© 2016 American College of Physicians|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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