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|Title:||Geomechanical modelling of fault reactivation in the Cooper Basin, Australia|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2016; 63(3):295-314|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|D. Kulikowski, K. Amrouch and D. Cooke|
|Abstract:||The Australian Cooper Basin is a structurally complex intra-cratonic basin with large unconventional hydrocarbon potential. Fracture stimulation treatments are used extensively in this basin to improve the economic feasibility; however, such treatments may induce fault activity and risk the integrity of hydrocarbon accumulations. Fault reactivation may not only encourage tertiary fluid migration but also decrease porosity through cataclasis and potentially compartmentalise the reservoir. Relatively new depth-converted three-dimensional seismic surveys covering the Dullingari and Swan Lake 3D seismic surveys were structurally interpreted and geomechanically modelled to constrain the slip tendency, dilation tendency and fracture stability of faults under the present-day stress. A field-scale pore pressure study found a maximum pressure gradient of 11.31 kPa/m within the Dullingari 3D seismic survey, and 11.14 kPa/m within the Swan Lake 3D seismic survey. The present-day stress tensor was taken from previously published work, and combined with local pore pressure gradients and depth-converted field-scale fault geometries, to conclude that SE-NW-striking strike-slip faults are optimally oriented to reactivate and dilate. High-angle faults striking approximately E-W appear most likely to dilate, and act as fluid conduits irrespective of being modelled under a strike-slip or compressional stress regime. Near-vertical SE-NW and NE-SW-striking faults were modelled to be preferentially oriented to slip and reactivate under a strike-slip stress regime. Considering that SE-NW-striking strike-slip faults have only recently been interpreted in the literature, it is possible that many reservoir simulations and development plans have overlooked or underestimated the effect that fault reactivation may have on reservoir properties. Future work investigating the likelihood that fracture stimulation treatments may be interacting, and reactivating, pre-existing faults and fractures would benefit field development programs utilising high-pressure hydraulic fracture stimulation treatments.|
|Keywords:||Cooper Basin; fault reactivation; structural geology; seismic interpretation; stress; geomechanical modelling; geomechanics|
|Rights:||© 2016 Geological Society of Australia|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian School of Petroleum publications|
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