Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/105350
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Type: Journal article
Title: Predictors of dental visits among primary school children in the rural Australian community of Lithgow
Author: John, J.
Mannan, H.
Nargundkar, S.
D'Souza, M.
Do, L.
Arora, A.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 2017; 17(1):264-1-264-10
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1472-6963
1472-6963
Statement of
Responsibility: 
James Rufus John, Haider Mannan, Subrat Nargundkar, Mario D’Souza, Loc Giang Do and Amit Arora
Abstract: Background: Regular dental attendance is significant in maintaining and improving children’s oral health and well-being. This study aims to determine the factors that predict and influence dental visits in primary school children residing in the rural community of Lithgow, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Methods: All six primary schools of Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementing water fluoridation in 2014. Children aged 6–13 years (n = 667) were clinically examined for their oral health status and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on fluoride history, diet, last dental visit, and socio-demographic characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analyses were employed to examine the independent predictors of a 6-monthly and a yearly dental visit. Results: Overall, 53% of children visited a dentist within six months and 77% within twelve months. In multiple logistic regression analyses, age of the child and private health insurance coverage were significantly associated with both 6-monthly and twelve-month dental visits. In addition, each serve of chocolate consumption was significantly associated with a 27% higher odds (OR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.05-1.54) of a 6-monthly dental visit. Conclusion: It is imperative that the socio-demographic and dietary factors that influence child oral health must be effectively addressed when developing the oral health promotion policies to ensure better oral health outcomes.
Keywords: Dental visit; Oral health; Rural; School children; Socio-demographics
Rights: © The Author(s). 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030068568
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2232-1
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1069861
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1033213
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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