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Type: Journal article
Title: Characteristics of turbulent n-heptane jet flames in a hot and diluted coflow
Author: Ye, J.
Medwell, P.
Evans, M.
Dally, B.
Citation: Combustion and Flame, 2017; 183:330-342
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0010-2180
Statement of
Jingjing Ye, Paul R. Medwell, Michael J. Evans, Bassam B. Dally
Abstract: Distinctive behaviour of turbulent n -heptane jet flames is revealed by conventional photography and laser-induced fluorescence of the hydroxyl radical (OH-LIF) performed in a Jet in Hot Coflow (JHC) burner. Prevaporised n -heptane, carried by air, issues into a hot vitiated coflow at two temperatures (1250 K and 1315 K) with three coflow oxygen levels (X O 2 = 3%, 6%%, and 9%), mimicking moderate or intense low oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion conditions. Results for n -heptane flames are compared to those for ethylene, ethanol, and natural gas flames. Two main discrepancies are revealed: firstly, the apparent liftoffheight of n -heptane flames decreases gradually with the increasing coflow oxygen level, while the appar- ent liftoff height of other fuels exhibit a non-monotonic trend; secondly, a transitional flame structure of n -heptane occurs in a coflow with X O 2 = 3%, while this structure occurs in a coflow with X O 2 >/-9% for other fuels. Calculations using a closed homogeneous reactor model support the interpretation of the experimental data, namely that the temporal profiles of OH in the n -heptane flames are similar for the 3% and 9% O 2 cases, differing from the behaviour of other fuels. A comparative analysis of n -heptane and ethanol chemistry, focused on the fuel pyrolysis and net negative heat release regions, suggests that it is more difficult for n -heptane than ethanol to meet one of the criteria of MILD combustion.
Keywords: MILD combustion; prevaporised n –heptane; OH-LIF; Liftoff; net negative heat release rate
Rights: © 2017 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.05.027
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