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Type: Journal article
Title: Having fewer than 21 teeth associated with poorer general health among South Australians
Author: Jamieson, L.
Brennan, D.
Peres, M.
Luzzi, L.
Miller, C.
Bowden, J.
McCaffrey, N.
Citation: Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 2017; 77(3):216-224
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0022-4006
Statement of
Lisa Jamieson, David Brennan, Marco A. Peres, Liana Luzzi, Caroline Miller, Jacqui Bowden, Nikki McCaffrey
Abstract: Objective: To explore whether having less than 21 teeth is associated with poorer general health in a representative population sample of South Australians. Methods: Data were from a cross-sectional state-based survey, conducted from September to December 2013. Complete data were available for 2,908 participants (58 percent response rate). General health-related quality of life (HrQOL), as measured by the EuroQol instrument (EQ-5D-5L), was the main outcome measure. Total disutility scores were calculated, with the five individual EQ-5D dimensions then dichotomized into “no problems” and “at least one problem.” The main explanatory variable was self-reported missing teeth, as assessed by having <21 teeth versus 211 teeth in a questionnaire. Results: Overall, disutility was low (0.09) (ranges from 0 to 1, with high scores indicating poorer general health). In multivariable analysis, total disutility was positively associated with older age, lower annual household income, lower levels of physical activity, being a current tobacco smoker, receiving mental health treatment and <21 teeth. When individual dimensions were considered, missing teeth remained significantly associated with mobility problems (PR 1.26, 95 percent CI 1.06, 1.50) and pain/discomfort (PR 1.16, 95 percent CI 1.06, 1.27). Conclusions: Missing teeth was associated with poor general health status as measured by EQ-5D-5L disutility. The relationship was especially evident with respect to mobility and pain/discomfort. The findings emphasize the importance of oral health as predictors of general health.
Keywords: EQ-5D-5L; EQ-5D; population survey; epidemiology; mobility; pain/discomfort; disutility; physical activity; health-related quality of life; adults
Description: [Correction added on April 20, 2017 after online publication: two author names were changed from Marco Peres and Nikki McCaffery to Marco A. Peres and Nikki McCaffrey, respectively.]
Rights: © 2017 American Association of Public Health Dentistry
RMID: 0030065123
DOI: 10.1111/jphd.12200
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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