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|Title:||Influence of crack opening and incident wave angle on second harmonic generation of Lamb waves|
|Citation:||Smart Materials and Structures, 2018; 27(5):055013-1-055013-15|
|Yi Yang, Ching-Tai Ng and Andrei Kotousov|
|Abstract:||Techniques utilising second harmonic generation (SHG) have proven their great potential in detecting contact-type damage. However, the gap between the practical applications and laboratory studies is still quite large. The current work is aimed to bridge this gap by investigating the effects of the applied load and incident wave angle on the detectability of fatigue cracks at various lengths. Both effects are critical for practical implementations of these techniques. The present experimental study supported by three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) modelling has demonstrated that the applied load, which changes the crack opening and, subsequently, the contact nonlinearity, significantly affects the amplitude of the second harmonic generated by the fundamental symmetric mode (S₀) of Lamb wave. This amplitude is also dependent on the length of the fatigue crack as well as the incident wave angle. The experimental and FE results correlate well, so the modelling approach can be implemented for practical design of damage monitoring systems as well as for the evaluation of the severity of the fatigue cracks.|
|Keywords:||Second harmonic; contact nonlinearity; incident wave angle; fatigue crack; crack opening; applied load; nonlinear lamb wave|
|Description:||Published 20 April 2018|
|Rights:||© 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Civil and Environmental Engineering publications|
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