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Type: Theses
Title: Epigenetic analysis of an early flowering phenotype in Corymbia ficifolia induced by in vitro micropropagation
Author: Delano, Paulina Vielma
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Abstract: During development, plants go through a period of vegetative growth (juvenile phase) followed by a period of reproductive growth period (adult phase). In perennial woody species, such as the ornamental eucalypt species Corymbia ficifolia, the juvenile phase can last for four or more years making breeding programs expensive, challenging and time consuming. This prolonged juvenile phase makes the production of early flowering lines desirable. Previous studies in model plants have suggested that phase change is regulated by genetic and/or epigenetic mechanisms. During the development of a micropropagated C. ficifolia hybrid line, it was observed that some clones exhibited an early phase change, resulting in the production of flowers 24-30 months after deflasking, as opposed to the usual four years (48 months). To understand the underlying molecular mechanism of this early phase change, the methylation sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP) method was used to analyse changes in DNA methylation patterns between three C. ficifolia phenotypes early flowering (EF), normal flowering (NF), and unknown (UK). This method studies genome wide methylation, however it is limited to the recognition sites of the HapII and MspI restriction enzymes. Interestingly, our results show that the main contributor to the variation in DNA methylation patterns among in vitro propagated plants was the environment in which plants were grown after in vitro culture. Additionally, higher levels of epigenetic somaclonal variability in EF clones than in their NF counterparts suggests that such changes could be linked to the early flowering phenotype observed.
Advisor: Delaporte, Kate
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Bio.(PB)) -- University of Adelaide, Masters of Biotechnology (Plant Biotechnology), School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, 2016
Keywords: coursework
Corymbia ficifolia
DNA methylation
somaclonal variation
Description: Title page, abstract and table of contents only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University of Adelaide Library.
Provenance: Masters of Biotechnology (Plant Biotechnology) by coursework
Appears in Collections:School of Agriculture, Food and Wine

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