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|Title:||Repression of basal transcription by vitamin D receptor: evidence for interaction of unliganded vitamin D receptor with two receptor interaction domains in rip13Δ1|
|Other Titles:||Repression of basal transcription by vitamin D receptor: evidence for interaction of unliganded vitamin D receptor with two receptor interaction domains in rip13Delta1|
|Citation:||Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, 1998; 20(3):327-335|
|Publisher:||Society for Endocrinology|
|P P Dwivedi, G E O Muscat, P J Bailey, J L Omdahl and B K May|
|Abstract:||Repression of basal transcription of a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) responsive 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase (CYP24) promoter construct as observed in kidney cells in the absence of ligand and this repression was dependent on a functional vitamin D response element (VDRE). Basal repression was also seen with a construct where a consensus DR-3-type VDRE was fused to the thymidine kinase promoter. Expression of a dominant negative vitamin D receptor (VDR) isoform that strongly bound to the VDRE motif in the CYP24 promoter ablated basal repression. This VDR isoform lacked sequence in the hinge- and ligand-binding domains implicating one or both of these domains in basal repression. It is well known that thyroid hormone and retinoic acid receptors silence basal transcription of target genes in the absence of ligands and this repressor function can be mediated by the nuclear receptor corepressor N-CoR. Two variants of N-CoR have been described, RIP13a and RIP13delta1. N-CoR and the variants contain two receptor interaction domains, ID-I and ID-II, which are identical except region ID-II in RIP13delta1 has an internal deletion. We have used the mammalian two hybrid system to investigate whether VDR, in the absence of ligand 1,25-(OH)2D3, can interact with these domains. The data showed that unliganded VDR does not interact with either ID-I or ID-II from RIP13a and RIP13delta1, but does interact strongly with a composite domain of ID-I and ID-II from RIP13delta1 (but not from RIP13a) and this strong interaction is abrogated in the presence of ligand. This finding implicates RIP13delta1 in VDR-dependent basal repression of the promoter constructs under investigation. However, over-expression of RIP13delta1 in kidney cell lines did not alter basal expression of the CYP24 promoter construct. It is concluded that either the level of endogenous RIP13delta1 in these kidney cells permits maximal repression or that repression occurs by a mechanism that is independent of RIP13delta1. Alternatively, repression may be dependent on RIP13delta1 but requires an additional cofactor that is limiting in these cells.|
|Rights:||© 1998 Society for Endocrinology|
|Appears in Collections:||Biochemistry publications|
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