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Type: Journal article
Title: Redirecting adult mesenchymal stromal cells to the brain: A new approach for treating CNS autoimmunity and neuroinflammation?
Author: Wilson, J.
Foyle, K.
Foeng, J.
Norton, T.
Mckenzie, D.
Payne, N.
Bernard, C.
Mccoll, S.
Comerford, I.
Citation: Immunology and Cell Biology, 2018; 96(4):347-357
Publisher: WILEY
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0818-9641
Statement of
Jasmine J Wilson, Kerrie L Foyle, Jade Foeng, Todd Norton, Duncan R McKenzie, Natalie Payne, Claude C Bernard, Shaun R McColl, Iain Comerford
Abstract: Mesenchymal stromal cells or stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to participate in tissue repair and are immunomodulatory in neuropathological settings. Given this, their potential use in developing a new generation of personalized therapies for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) will be explored. To effectively exert these effector functions, MSCs must first gain entry into damaged neural tissues, a process that has been demonstrated to be a limiting factor in their therapeutic efficacy. In this review, we discuss approaches to maximize the therapeutic efficacy of MSCs by altering their intrinsic trafficking programs to effectively enter neuropathological sites. To this end, we explore the significant role of chemokine receptors and adhesion molecules in directing cellular traffic to the inflamed CNS and the capacity of MSCs to adopt these molecular mechanisms to gain entry to this site. We postulate that understanding and exploiting these migratory mechanisms may be key to the development of cell-based therapies tailored to respond to the migratory cues unique to the nature and stage of progression of individual CNS disorders.
Keywords: Cell migration; central nervous system; chemokine receptor; mesenchymal stem cell; mesenchymal stromal cell; neuroinflammation
Rights: © 2018 Australasian Society for Immunology Inc.
RMID: 0030081389
DOI: 10.1111/imcb.12014
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications
IPAS publications

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