Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/114109
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Type: Journal article
Title: Sustainable polysulfides for oil spill remediation: repurposing industrial waste for environmental benefit
Author: Worthington, M.
Shearer, C.
Esdaile, L.
Campbell, J.
Gibson, C.
Legg, S.
Yin, Y.
Lundquist, N.
Gascooke, J.
Albuquerque, I.
Shapter, J.
Andersson, G.
Lewis, D.
Bernardes, G.
Chalker, J.
Citation: Advanced Sustainable Systems, 2018; 2(6):1800024
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2366-7486
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Max J. H. Worthington, Cameron J. Shearer, Louisa J. Esdaile, Jonathan A. Campbell, Christopher T. Gibson, Stephanie K. Legg, Yanting Yin, Nicholas A. Lundquist, Jason R. Gascooke, Inês S. Albuquerque, Joseph G. Shapter, Gunther G. Andersson, David A. Lewis, Gonçalo J. L. Bernardes, Justin M. Chalker
Abstract: Crude oil and hydrocarbon fuel spills are a perennial threat to aquatic envi- ronments. Inexpensive and sustainable sorbents are needed to mitigate the ecological harm of this pollution. To address this need, this study features a low-density polysulfide polymer that is prepared by the direct reaction of sulfur and used cooking oils. Because both sulfur and cooking oils are hydrophobic, the polymer has an affinity for hydrocarbons such as crude oil and diesel fuel and can rapidly remove them from seawater. Through simple mechanical compression, the oil can be recovered and the polymer can be reused in oil spill remediation. The polysulfide is unique because it is pre- pared entirely from repurposed waste: sulfur is a by-product of the petroleum industry and used cooking oil can be used as a comonomer. In this way, sulfur waste from the oil industry is used to make an effective sorbent for combatting pollution from that same sector.
Keywords: Inverse vulcanization; oil spills; polysulfides; sulfur; waste valorization
Rights: © 2018 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and re- production in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0030090684
DOI: 10.1002/adsu.201800024
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DE150101863
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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