Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/114927
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Type: Journal article
Title: Late Quaternary deep stratification-climate coupling in the Southern Ocean: implications for changes in abyssal carbon storage
Author: Wu, L.
Wang, R.
Xiao, W.
Krijgsman, W.
Li, Q.
Ge, S.
Ma, T.
Citation: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2018; 19(2):379-395
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1525-2027
1525-2027
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Li Wu, Rujian Wang, Wenshen Xiao, Wout Krijgsman, Qianyu Li, Shulan Ge, Tong Ma
Abstract: The Southern Ocean plays an important role in modulating Pleistocene atmospheric CO2 concentrations, but the underlying mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Here, we report the laser grain‐size distribution and Mn geochemical data of a 523 kyr‐long sediment record (core ANT30/P1‐02 off Prydz Bay; East Antarctica) to trace past physical changes in the deep Southern Ocean. The core sediments are predominantly composed of clay and silt‐sized material. Three grain size end‐members (EM) as well as three sensitive grain size classes (SC) were discerned, interpreted as Ice Rafted Debris (EM1 and SC1), and coarse (EM2 and SC2) and fine (EM3, SC3) materials deposited from bottom nepheloid layers, respectively. Ratios of EM2/(EM2 + EM3) and SC2/SC3 reveal changes in the local bottom current strength, which is related to the deep ocean diapycnal mixing rate, showing higher values during interglacial periods and lower values during glacial periods. MnO was enriched at each glacial termination, probably caused by abrupt elevations in Antarctic bottom water (AABW) formation rate. Lower AABW formation rate and reduced deep diapycnal mixing during glacial periods enhanced deep Southern Ocean stratification, contributing to glacial atmospheric CO2 drawdown. The elevated AABW formation and enhanced deep diapycnal mixing during glacial terminations alleviated such deep stratification, promoting deeply sequestered CO2 to outgas.
Keywords: Meridional overturning circulation; lower MOC circuit; deep ventilation; biological pump
Rights: © 2018. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
RMID: 0030086686
DOI: 10.1002/2017GC007250
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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