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|Title:||Ballistics and anatomical modelling - a review|
|Citation:||Legal Medicine, 2016; 23:21-29|
|Caitlin Humphrey, Jaliya Kumaratilake|
|Abstract:||Ballistics is the study of a projectiles motion and can be broken down into four stages: internal, intermediate, external and terminal ballistics. The study of the effects a projectile has on a living tissue is referred to as wound ballistics and falls within terminal ballistics. To understand the effects a projectile has on living tissues the mechanisms of wounding need to be understood. These include the permanent and temporary cavities, energy, yawing, tumbling and fragmenting. Much ballistics research has been conducted including using cadavers, animal models and simulants such as ballistics ordnance gelatine. Further research is being conducted into developing anatomical, 3D, experimental and computational models. However, these models need to accurately represent the human body and its heterogeneous nature which involves understanding the biomechanical properties of the different tissues and organs. Further research is needed to accurately represent the human tissues with simulants and is slowly being conducted.|
|Keywords:||Ballistics; 3D modelling; firearm wounds; forensic; temporary cavity; permanent cavity|
|Rights:||© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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