Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/116657
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Type: Journal article
Title: Performance of a high rate algal pond treating septic tank effluent from a community wastewater management scheme in rural South Australia
Author: Buchanan, N.
Young, P.
Cromar, N.
Fallowfield, H.
Citation: Algal Research, 2018; 35:325-332
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2211-9264
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Neil A. Buchanan, Paul Young, Nancy J. Cromar, Howard J. Fallowfield
Abstract: A high rate algal pond (HRAP) incorporated into a community wastewater management scheme was operated over two years in the Mediterranean climate of Kingston on Murray, South Australia. Uniquely, the study evaluated the performance of the HRAP when fed (12m³ day⁻¹) either treated effluent from on-site septic tanks or a facultative pond further treating the septic tank effluent from within the community (population 300). The influence of depth and season on wastewater treatment and biomass production were determined for both configurations. Generally, wastewater treatment (> 90% BOD₅ removed) and biomass production (31.7 gm⁻² day⁻¹) was improved when the HRAP was fed septic tank effluent. PO₄-P removal was low and effected by biomass uptake rather than precipitation. Inorganic nitrogen removal was independent of depth in the warmer months and inversely related to depth in the colder months. The mean log₁₀ removal values for Escherichia coli were 1.75 and 2.75 for the HRAP when fed septic and facultative pond effluent respectively. In the prevailing Mediterranean climate, adequate BOD₅ and nitrogen removal, and disinfection assessed using E. coli as the faecal indicator organism was achieved at 0.32m depth at a retention time of 4 days.
Keywords: Microalgae; wastewater treatment; biomass; high rate algal pond
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030100669
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2018.08.036
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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