Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/116777
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Type: Journal article
Title: Ecological risk assessment of nano-enabled pesticides: a perspective on problem formulation
Author: Walker, G.
Kookana, R.
Smith, N.
Kah, M.
Doolette, C.
Reeves, P.
Lovell, W.
Anderson, D.
Turney, T.
Navarro, D.
Citation: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018; 66(26):6480-6486
Publisher: ACS Publications
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0021-8561
1520-5118
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Glen W. Walker, Rai S. Kookana, Natalie E. Smith, Melanie Kah, Casey L. Doolette, Philip T. Reeves, Wess Lovell, Darren J. Anderson, Terence W. Turney, and Divina A. Navarro
Abstract: Plant protection products containing nanomaterials that alter the functionality or risk profile of active ingredients (nano-enabled pesticides) promise many benefits over conventional pesticide products. These benefits may include improved formulation characteristics, easier application, better targeting of pest species, increased efficacy, lower application rates, and enhanced environmental safety. After many years of research and development, nano-enabled pesticides are starting to make their way into the market. The introduction of this technology raises a number of issues for regulators, including how does the ecological risk assessment of nano-enabled pesticide products differ from that of conventional plant protection products? In this paper, a group drawn from regulatory agencies, academia, research, and the agrochemicals industry offers a perspective on relevant considerations pertaining to the problem formulation phase of the ecological risk assessment of nano-enabled pesticides.
Keywords: Nanopesticides; agrochemicals; nanotechnology; problem formulation; risk assessment
Rights: © 2017 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited.
RMID: 0030077190
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02373
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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