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Type: Journal article
Title: Recommendations from the international evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome
Author: Teede, H.
Misso, M.L.
Costello, M.F.
Dokras, A.
Laven, J.
Moran, L.
Piltonen, T.
Norman, R.
Andersen, M.
Azziz, R.
Balen, A.
Baye, E.
Boyle, J.
Brennan, L.
Broekmans, F.
Dabadghao, P.
Devoto, L.
Dewailly, D.
Downes, L.
Fauser, B.
et al.
Citation: Fertility and Sterility, 2018; 110(3):364-379
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0015-0282
Statement of
Helena J. Teede, Marie L. Misso … Bernardus W (Ben) Mol … Lisa J Moran … Robert J Norman … Raymond J Rodgers … et al. (on behalf of the International PCOS Network)
Abstract: Study Question: What is the recommended assessment and management of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), based on the best available evidence, clinical expertise, and consumer preference? Summary Answer: International evidence-based guidelines including 166 recommendations and practice points, addressed prioritized questions to promote consistent, evidence-based care and improve the experience and health outcomes of women with PCOS. What Is Known Already: Previous guidelines either lacked rigorous evidence-based processes, did not engage consumer and international multidisciplinary perspectives, or were outdated. Diagnosis of PCOS remains controversial and assessment and management are inconsistent. The needs of women with PCOS are not being adequately met and evidence practice gaps persist. Study Design, Size, Duration: International evidence-based guideline development engaged professional societies and consumer organizations with multidisciplinary experts and women with PCOS directly involved at all stages. Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II-compliant processes were followed, with extensive evidence synthesis. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework was applied across evidence quality, feasibility, acceptability, cost, implementation and ultimately recommendation strength. Participants/Materials, Setting, Methods: Governance included a six continent international advisory and a project board, fi ve guide- line development groups, and consumer and translation committees. Extensive health professional and consumer engagement informed guideline scope and priorities. Engaged international society-nominated panels included pediatrics, endocrinology, gynecology, primary care, reproductive endocrinology, obstetrics, psychiatry, psychology, dietetics, exercise physiology, public health and other experts, alongside consumers, project management, evidence synthesis, and translation experts. Thirty-seven societies and organizations covering 71 countries engaged in the process. Twenty face-to-face meetings over 15 months addressed 60 prioritized clinical questions involving 40 systematic and 20 narrative reviews. Evidence-based recommendations were developed and approved via consensus voting within the fi ve guideline panels, modi fi ed based on international feedback and peer review, with fi nal recommendations approved across all panels. Main Results and the Role of Chance: The evidence in the assessment and management of PCOS is generally of low to moderate quality. The guideline provides 31 evidence based recommendations, 59 clinical consensus recommendations and 76 clinical practice points all related to assessment and management of PCOS. Key changes in this guideline include: i) considerable re fi nement of individual diagnostic criteria with a focus on improving accuracy of diagnosis; ii) reducing unnecessary testing; iii) increasing focus on education, lifestyle modi fi cation, emotional wellbeing and quality of life; and iv) emphasizing evidence based medical therapy and cheaper and safer fertility management. Limitations, Reasons for Caution: Overall evidence is generally low to moderate quality, requiring signi fi cantly greater research in this neglected, yet common condition, especially around re fi ning speci fi c diagnostic features in PCOS. Regional health system variation is acknowledged and a process for guideline and translation resource adaptation is provided. Wider Implications of the Findings: The international guideline for the assessment and management of PCOS provides clinicians with clear advice on best practice based on the best available evidence, expert multidisciplinary input and consumer preferences. Research recommendations have been generated and a comprehensive multifaceted dissemination and translation program supports the guideline with an integrated evaluation program. Study Funding/Competing Interest(S): The guideline was primarily funded by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC) supported by a partnership with ESHRE and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Guideline development group members did not receive payment. Travel expenses were covered by the sponsoring organizations. Disclosures of con- fl icts of interest were declared at the outset and updated throughout the guideline process, aligned with NHMRC guideline processes. Full details of con fl icts declared across the guideline development groups are available at pcos/guideline intheRegister ofdisclosures ofinterest. Ofnamed authors,Dr Costello has declared sharesinVirtus Healthand pastsponsor- ship from Merck Serono for conference presentations. Prof. Laven declared grants from Ferring, Euroscreen and personal fees from Ferring, Euroscreen, Danone and Titus Healthcare. Prof. Norman has declared a minor shareholder interest in an IVF unit. The remaining authors have no con fl icts of interest to declare. The guideline was peer reviewed by special interest groups across our partner and collaborating so- cieties and consumer organizations, was independently assessed against AGREEII criteria and underwent methodological review. This guideline was approved by all members of the guideline development groups and was submitted for fi nal approval by the NHMRC.
Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome; guideline; evidence-based; assessment; management; GRADE
Rights: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. This is an open access article un der the CC BY-NC-ND license ( )
RMID: 0030099059
DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.05.004
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