Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/117484
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Type: Journal article
Title: Evolutionary history and adaptation of a human pygmy population of Flores Island, Indonesia
Author: Tucci, S.
Vohr, S.
McCoy, R.
Vernot, B.
Robinson, M.
Barbieri, C.
Nelson, B.
Fu, W.
Purnomo, G.
Sudoyo, H.
Eichler, E.
Barbujani, G.
Visscher, P.
Akey, J.
Green, R.
Citation: Science, 2018; 361(6401):511-516
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0036-8075
1095-9203
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Serena Tucci, Samuel H. Vohr, Rajiv C. McCoy, Benjamin Vernot, Matthew R. Robinson, Chiara Barbieri, Brad J. Nelson, Wenqing Fu, Gludhug A. Purnomo, Herawati Sudoyo, Evan E. Eichler, Guido Barbujani, Peter M. Visscher, Joshua M. Akey, Richard E. Green
Abstract: Flores Island, Indonesia, was inhabited by the small-bodied hominin species Homo floresiensis, which has an unknown evolutionary relationship to modern humans. This island is also home to an extant human pygmy population. Here we describe genome-scale single-nucleotide polymorphism data and whole-genome sequences from a contemporary human pygmy population living on Flores near the cave where H. floresiensis was found. The genomes of Flores pygmies reveal a complex history of admixture with Denisovans and Neanderthals but no evidence for gene flow with other archaic hominins. Modern individuals bear the signatures of recent positive selection encompassing the FADS (fatty acid desaturase) gene cluster, likely related to diet, and polygenic selection acting on standing variation that contributed to their short-stature phenotype. Thus, multiple independent instances of hominin insular dwarfism occurred on Flores.
Keywords: Homo floresiensis; evolutionary history
Rights: 2017 © The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. The title Science is a registered trademark of AAAS.
RMID: 0030098162
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar8486
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160102400
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1078037
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1113400
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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