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Type: Journal article
Title: Palaeogene Sediment-hosted Pb–Zn deposits in SE Asia: the Uragen example
Author: Wang, Y.
Zhang, Z.
Zhang, S.
Cheng, Z.
Huang, H.
Ye, J.
Zhao, Z.
Ma, Y.
Santosh, M.
Citation: International Geology Review, 2017; 59(16):1-13
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0020-6814
Statement of
Ying Wang, Zhaochong Zhang, Shu Zhang, Zhiguo Cheng, He Huang, Jinchao Ye, Zhenyu Zhao, Yuan Ma and M. Santosh
Abstract: The strata-bound Pb–Zn deposits in western China share many similarities and are controversial in genesis. The large Uragen Pb–Zn deposit is located in the northwestern part of the Kashgar sag, southwest of Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, NW China. With the 980.9 Mt tons of Pb–Zn ores at 0.45%Pb and 2.61%Zn, it is the third largest known Pb–Zn deposits in China. The orebodies are stratiform and stratabound and are predominantly controlled by the Uragen syncline that has an E–W axial trend. Mineralization mostly occurs in sandstones and conglomerates of the Lower Cretaceous Kezilesu Group (K1kz), with a small amount in the Palaeocene limestone. The main ore types consist predominantly of disseminated ore with minor massive ore, veined ore, and breccia ore. The primary metal minerals are composed of sphalerite, galena, pyrite, and minor arsenopyrite and chalcopyrite, and the supergene metal minerals include smithsonite, cegamite, beudantite, jarosite, limonite, and minor hemimorphite. The gangue minerals are composed of dolomite, calcite, quartz, celestite, and gypsium. Our new Rb–Sr isotopic analyses on the separated sphalerite, galena yielded an isochron age of 55.1 ± 1.6 Ma, coeval to an isochron age of 55.4 ± 2.2 Ma by Sm–Nd isotopic data. This age is much younger than the youngest ore-bearing strata (E1 1, 65.5– 61.7 Ma), arguing for an epigenetic origin. The calculated initial 87Sr/86Sr ratio of sulphides is 0.710322, which is much lower than those of basement formation, regional bituminous sandstone, and even the ore-bearing strata, but higher than the regional mantle-derived, alkaline volcanic rocks and marine carbonate. The calculated initial 143Nd/144Nd ratio of calcite and galena is 0.512081. These data suggest that the metals may be chiefly derived from crust, possibly from the minor contribution of mantle materials. Our new-age data, in combination with the previous data, suggest that there probably is a huge medium-low-temperature epigenetic stratabound Pb– Zn belt, which is possibly correlated to the India–Asia collision event.
Keywords: Rb–Sr and Sm–Nd isotopic ages; sandstone- and conglomerate-hosted Pb–Zn deposit; mineralization; metal source; Uragen
Rights: © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
RMID: 0030068065
DOI: 10.1080/00206814.2017.1308844
Appears in Collections:Geology & Geophysics publications

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