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Type: Journal article
Title: A new Miocene fern (Palaeosorum: Polypodiaceae) from New Zealand bearing in situ spores of Polypodiisporites
Author: Kaulfuss, U.
Conran, J.
Bannister, J.
Mildenhall, D.
Lee, D.
Citation: New Zealand Journal of Botany, 2019; 57(1):2-17
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0028-825X
Statement of
Uwe Kaulfuss, John G. Conran, Jennifer M. Bannister, Dallas C. Mildenhall and Daphne E. Lee
Abstract: A new species of fossil fern with in situ spores, Palaeosorum waipiata (Polypodiaceae), is described and figured for a microsoroid fern frond from earliest Miocene sediments in Otago, New Zealand. The fertile frond from the Foulden Maar fossil Lagerstätte is pinnatifid with deep narrow lobes with entire margins and bears circular sori without indusia in rows on either side of the lobe midrib. Monolete spores associated with the frond are differentiated from similar, widespread dispersed spores of Polypodiisporites radiatus in possessing very small proximal verrucae/granulae around the laesurae and more rounded verrucae and the description of Palaeosorum is expanded to include information about sori and spores. This is the first confident Southern Hemisphere record for a microsoroid fern macrofossil, as well as the first with in situ spores. It is probable that this fern was epiphytic on trees or lithophytic on rocks adjacent to the Miocene maar lake.
Keywords: Fossil fern; Microsorum; Polypodiaceae; Palaeosorum waipiata; Foulden Maar; paleoecology
Rights: © 2019 The Royal Society of New Zealand
RMID: 0030107706
DOI: 10.1080/0028825X.2018.1560336
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications

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