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|Title:||Differential effects of increasing gestational age and placental restriction on tyrosine hydroxylase, phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase, and proenkephalin A mRNA levels in the fetal sheep adrenal|
|Author:||Adams, Michael Brenton|
Phillips, Ian D.
McMillen, Isabella Caroline
|Citation:||Journal of Neurochemistry, 1998; 71(1):394-401|
|Michael B. Adams, Ian D. Phillips, Giuseppe Simonetta, Caroline McMillen|
|Abstract:||We have demonstrated that there are differential changes in the levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT), and proenkephalin A (Pro Enk A) mRNA in the fetal sheep adrenal during late gestation. Adrenal TH mRNA:18S rRNA ratios increased between gestational days 100 (0.98 ± 0.13; n = 6) and 125 (1.40 ± 0.15; n = 6) and then decreased, whereas adrenal PNMT mRNA:18S rRNA ratios increased regularly between gestational days 100 (0.08 ± 0.01) and 146 (0.17 ± 0.03). The ratio of adrenal Pro Enk A mRNA to 18S rRNA was higher at gestational day 125 (0.085 ± 0.005) than at either 80–100 days (0.038 ± 0.007) or 140–146 days of gestation (0.055 ± 0.013). In 12 ewes, the growth and development of the placenta were restricted (placental restriction group) from conception. The ratio of adrenal PNMT mRNA to 18S rRNA was significantly reduced in the placental restriction group of fetal sheep (0.003 ± 0.002) compared with controls (0.011 ± 0.002), and there was a significant correlation between the ratio of adrenal PNMT mRNA to 18S rRNA and the mean arterial Po2 (r = 0.88, p < 0.0005). In contrast, TH mRNA and Pro Enk mRNA were unaffected by placental restriction. Adrenaline and nonadrenaline syntheses are therefore differentially regulated in the adrenal during late gestation and in response to chronic intrauterine hypoxemia.|
|Keywords:||Adrenaline; Noradrenaline; Enkephalin; Adrenal medulla; Fetus|
|Appears in Collections:||Physiology publications|
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