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|Title:||Defining the role of the Streptococcus agalactiae Sht-family proteins in zinc acquisition and complement evasion|
Ribeiro Silva, A.
|Citation:||Journal of Bacteriology, 2019; 201(8):e00757-1-e00757-16|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|P. Moulin, V. Rong, A. Ribeiro E Silva, V. G. Pederick, E. Camiade, L. Mereghetti, C. A. McDevitt, A. Hirona|
|Abstract:||Streptococcus agalactiae is not only part of the human intestinal and urogenital microbiota but is also a leading cause of septicemia and meningitis in neonates. Its ability to cause disease depends upon the acquisition of nutrients from its environment, including the transition metal ion zinc. The primary zinc acquisition system of the pathogen is the Adc/Lmb ABC permease, which is essential for viability in zinc-restricted environments. Here, we show that in addition to the AdcCB transporter and the three zinc-binding proteins, Lmb, AdcA, and AdcAII, S. agalactiae zinc homeostasis also involves two streptococcal histidine triad (Sht) proteins. Sht and ShtII are required for zinc uptake via the Lmb and AdcAII proteins with apparent overlapping functionality and specificity. Both Sht-family proteins possess five-histidine triad motifs with similar hierarchies of importance for Zn homeostasis. Independent of its contribution to zinc homeostasis, Sht has previously been reported to bind factor H leading to predictions of a contribution to complement evasion. Here, we investigated ShtII to ascertain whether it had similar properties. Analysis of recombinant Sht and ShtII reveals that both proteins have similar affinities for factor H binding. However, neither protein aided in resistance to complement in human blood. These findings challenge prior inferences regarding the in vivo role of the Sht proteins in resisting complement-mediated clearance.IMPORTANCE This study examined the role of the two streptococcal histidine triad (Sht) proteins of Streptococcus agalactiae in zinc homeostasis and complement resistance. We showed that Sht and ShtII facilitate zinc homeostasis in conjunction with the metal-binding proteins Lmb and AdcAII. Here, we show that the Sht-family proteins are functionally redundant with overlapping roles in zinc uptake. Further, this work reveals that although the Sht-family proteins bind to factor H in vitro this did not influence survival in human blood.|
|Keywords:||Streptococcus agalactiae; metal homeostasis; zinc transporter|
|Rights:||© 2019 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Environment Institute publications|
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