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Type: Journal article
Title: Climate change and infectious disease research in Nepal: Are the available prerequisites supportive enough to researchers?
Author: Bhandari, D.
Bi, P.
Sherchand, J.B.
Dhimal, M.
Hanson-Easey, S.
Citation: Acta Tropica, 2020; 204:105337-1-105337-7
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0001-706X
Statement of
Dinesh Bhandari, Peng Bi, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Meghnath Dhimal, Scott Hanson-Easey
Abstract: Although Nepal has been identified as a country highly vulnerable to adverse health and socioeconomic impacts arising from climate change, extant research on climate sensitive infectious diseases has yet to develop the evidence base to adequately address these threats. In this opinion paper we identify and characterise basic requirements that are hindering the progress of climate change and infectious disease research in Nepal. Our opinion is that immediate attention should be given to strengthening Nepal's public health surveillance system, promoting inter-sectoral collaboration, improving public health capacity, and enhancing community engagement in disease surveillance. Moreover, we advocate for greater technical support of public health researchers, and data sharing among data custodians and epidemiologists/researchers, to generate salient evidence to guide relevant public health policy formulation aimed at addressing the impacts of climate change on human health in Nepal. International studies on climate variability and infectious diseases have clearly demonstrated that climate sensitive diseases, namely vector-borne and food/water-borne diseases, are sensitive to climate variation and climate change. This research has driven the development and implementation of climate-based early warning systems for preventing potential outbreaks of climate-sensitive infectious diseases across many European and African countries. Similarly, we postulate that Nepal would greatly benefit from a climate-based early warning system, which would assist in identification or prediction of conditions suitable for disease emergence and facilitate a timely response to reduce mortality and morbidity during epidemics.
Keywords: Climate change; Infectious diseases; Public health; Nepal
Description: Available online 10 January 2020
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105337
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