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Type: Journal article
Title: A new method for preparation of functionalized graphene and its epoxy nanocomposites
Author: Naeem, M.
Kuan, H.C.
Michelmore, A.
Meng, Q.
Qiu, A.
Aakyiir, M.
Losic, D.
Zhu, S.
Ma, J.
Citation: Composites Part B: Engineering, 2020; 196:108096-1-108096-10
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 1359-8368
Statement of
Mohannad Naeem, Hsu-Chiang Kuan, Andrew Michelmore, Qingshi Meng, Aidong Qiu ... Dusan Losic ... et al.
Abstract: Organic solvents are often used to prepare epoxy/graphene nanocomposites. In this study a graphene precursor is developed, which in epoxy at 200 °C is able to directly exfoliate into three classes of graphene platelets: large, single-layer sheets, medium sized sheets with 5.2 ± 1.95 nm in thickness, and smaller 0.5–1.0 nm thick sheets of 200–500 nm in lateral dimension, with a Raman ID/IG ratio of 0.177. The yield of single-layer graphene is 41.45%. Due to oxygen-containing groups on the surface, these sheets are named functionalized graphene platelets. Platelet films of ~10 μm in thickness have an electrical conductivity of 978.65 ± 79.44 S/cm. A percolation threshold of electrical conductivity is observed at 0.80 vol% for epoxy/graphene nanocomposites. The composites show highly improved mechanical and dynamic thermo-mechanical properties. At 1.03 vol%, the nanocomposite has a fracture energy release rate of 850.78 ± 58.00 J m−2 corresponding to an increase of 170.61% over neat epoxy.
Keywords: Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs); fracture toughness; solventfree synthesis; multiscale graphene/epoxy nanocomposites
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108096
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Appears in Collections:ARC Research Hub for Graphene Enabled Industry Transformation publications
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