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|Title:||Impact of Lachancea thermotolerans on chemical composition and sensory profiles of Merlot wines|
|Citation:||Food Chemistry, 2021; 349:129015-1-129015-15|
|Ana Hranilovic, Warren Albertin, Dimitra Liacopoulos Capone, Adelaide Gallo, Paul R.Grbin, Lukas Danner ... et al.|
|Abstract:||Wines from warm(ing) climates often contain excessive ethanol but lack acidity. The yeast Lachancea thermotolerans can ameliorate such wines due to partial conversion of sugars to lactic acid during alcoholic fermentation. This study compared the performance of five L. thermotolerans strains in two inoculation modalities (sequential and co-inoculation) to Saccharomyces cerevisiae and un-inoculated treatments in high sugar/low acidity Merlot fermentations. The pH and ethanol levels in mixed-culture dry wines were either comparable, or significantly lower than in controls (decrease of up to 0.5 units and 0.90% v/v, respectively). The analysis of volatile compounds revealed marked differences in major flavour-active yeast metabolites, including up to a thirty-fold increase in ethyl lactate in certain L. thermotolerans modalities. The wines significantly differed in acidity perception, alongside 18 other sensory attributes. Together, these results highlight the potential of some L. thermotolerans strains to produce ‘fresher’ wines with lower ethanol content and improved flavour/balance.|
|Keywords:||Lachancea thermotolerans; fermentation; wine acidification; lactic acid; wine aroma; ethyl lactate; RATA sensory analysis|
|Rights:||© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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