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Type: Journal article
Title: Pyrite-embedded porous carbon nanocatalysts assembled in polyvinylidene difluoride membrane for organic pollutant oxidation
Author: Yao, Y.
Hu, H.
Yin, H.
Ma, Z.
Tao, Z.
Qiu, Y.
Wang, S.
Citation: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2022; 608(3):2942-2954
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2022
ISSN: 0021-9797
Statement of
Yunjin Yao, Hongwei Hu, Hongyu Yin, Zhenshan Ma, Zhongming Tao, Yongjie Qiu, Shaobin Wang
Abstract: FeS₂-embedded in porous carbon (FeS₂/C) was prepared by simultaneous sulfidation and carbonization of an iron-based metal-organic framework precursor, and subsequently immobilized in polyvinylidene fluoride membranes (FeS₂/C@PVDF) for organics removal via peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation. The composition, structure, and morphology of the FeS₂/C@PVDF membrane were extensively characterized. Scanning electron microscopy images manifest that the FeS₂/C nanoparticles with an average diameter of 40 nm are assembled on the external and internal membrane surface. The as-prepared FeS₂/C@PVDF membrane exhibits excellent performances over a wide pH range of 1.53-9.50, exceeding carbon-free syn-FeS₂@PVDF. The effective degradation could be improved by inner pyrite FeS₂ cores and thus enhanced the electron transfer between carbon shell and PMS. Electron paramagnetic resonance and quenching experiments elucidated that radical (HO(•), SO(4)(•–)) and nonradical (¹O₂) species were the predominant reactive oxidants. In addition, FeS₂/C@PVDF exhibited high stability with low Fe leaching (0.377 mg/L) owing to the effective protection of the outer carbon skeleton. Plentiful porosity of PVDF membranes not only affords a controlled size and confined uniform distribution of the immobilized FeS2/C nanoparticles, but also enables a persistent exposure of active sites and enhanced mass transfer efficiency. Our findings demonstrate a promise for utilizing the novel FeS₂/C@PVDF membrane as an efficient catalyst for the environmental cleanup.
Keywords: Metal organic framework; FeS₂; PVDF membrane; organic pollutants; peroxymonosulfate
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2021.11.021
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Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering publications

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