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Type: Journal article
Title: The effect of grape juice dilution and complex nutrient addition on oenological fermentation and wine chemical composition
Author: Gardner, J.M.
Walker, M.E.
Boss, P.K.
Jiranek, V.
Citation: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 2022; 105:1-8
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2022
ISSN: 0889-1575
Statement of
Jennifer Margaret Gardner, Michelle Elisabeth Walker, Paul Kenneth Boss, Vladimir Jiranek
Abstract: The impact of water addition and complex nutrient addition to grape juice in laboratory scale winemaking, on both alcoholic and malolactic fermentation duration and outcome has been examined using commercial wine yeasts, Lalvin EC1118™ and Lalvin R2™and malolactic bacteria Lalvin VP41™. As expected, dilution with water did not impede fermentation, instead resulted in shortened duration, or in the case of malolactic fermentation enabled completion in these conditions. Addition of complex organic nutrient further shortened alcoholic fermentation by Lalvin R2™ and in some conditions also reduced the duration of malolactic fermentation. In general, compounds contributing to wine aroma and flavour were present at lower concentrations at the end of fermentation where juices were diluted and the addition of organic complex nutrient also influenced the concentration of some compounds in wine. These findings are significant to commercial winemaking, highlighting that winemakers should consider potential impacts of juice dilution on processing efficiencies along with wine flavour and aroma.
Keywords: Fermentation; wine; grape juice dilution; yeast; nutrient; volatile compounds
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2021.104241
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Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
ARC Training Centre for Innovative Wine Production publications

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