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Type: Journal article
Title: Influence of Kazachstania spp. on the chemical and sensory profile of red wines
Author: Lin, M.M.-H.
Boss, P.K.
Walker, M.E.
Sumby, K.M.
Jiranek, V.
Citation: International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2021; 362(2):109496-1-109496-11
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0168-1605
Statement of
Mandy Man-Hsi Lin, Paul K. Boss, Michelle E. Walker, Krista M. Sumby, Vladimir Jiranek
Abstract: We report the fermentative traits of two Kazachstania species (K. aerobia and K. servazzii) in non-sterile red wine and the resulting chemical and sensory properties. This builds on our previous work which revealed that Kazachstania spp. increased acetate esters in sterilised white wine. In this study Kazachstania spp. were initially evaluated in laboratory-scale fermentations (500 mL) in Merlot must to assess whether similar increases in chemical/volatile compounds would occur. The impact of malolactic fermentation (MLF) by Oenococcus oeni (VP41) on aroma composition was considered and found to reduce ester profiles in Merlot wines. The sensory implications of sequential inoculation with Kazachstania spp., followed by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were then evaluated in small-lot fermentations (7 kg) of Shiraz must. Fungal diversity was monitored during early fermentation stages and was influenced by the early implantation of Kazachstania spp., followed by the dominance of S. cerevisiae. The effect of MLF in Shiraz wines was inconclusive due to high ethanol levels providing an inhospitable environment for lactic acid bacteria. When compared to S. cerevisiae alone, Kazachstania spp. significantly increased acetate esters, particularly phenylethyl acetate and isoamyl acetate, in both Merlot and Shiraz. The Shiraz wines fermented with Kazachstania spp. had higher jammy and red fruit aroma/flavour compared to S. cerevisiae (monoculture) wines. No influence was observed on colour one-year post-bottling. Results from this study show the contribution of Kazachstania spp. to the aroma profile of red wines and demonstrate their potential as starter cultures for improving the aromatic complexity of wines.
Keywords: Kazachstania; saccharomyces cerevisiae; fermentation; fungal diversity; wine chemistry; wine sensory
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2021.109496
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Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
ARC Training Centre for Innovative Wine Production publications

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