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dc.contributor.authorPrevitali, P.-
dc.contributor.authorGiorgini, F.-
dc.contributor.authorMullen, R.S.-
dc.contributor.authorDookozlian, N.K.-
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, K.L.-
dc.contributor.authorFord, C.M.-
dc.identifier.citationHorticulture Research, 2022; 9:uhac118-1-uhac118-18-
dc.description.abstractSeveral vineyard techniques have been proposed to delay grape maturity in light of the advanced maturation driven by increasingly frequent water and heat stress events that are detrimental to grape quality. These studies differ in terms of their experimental conditions, and in the present work we have attempted to summarize previous observations in a quantitative, data-driven systematic review. A meta-analysis of quantitative data gathered across 43 relevant studies revealed the overall significance of the proposed treatments and evaluated the impact of different experimental conditions on the outcome of antitranspirants, delayed pruning and late source limitation. Antitranspirants were most effective when applied twice and closer to veraison, while di-1-<i>p</i>-menthene increased the ripening delay by about 1 °Brix compared to kaolin. Larger ripening delays were achieved with delayed pruning of low-yielding vines or by pruning at later stages of apical bud development. Late defoliation or shoot trimming delayed ripening in high-yielding vines and represent suitable solutions for late-harvested varieties, but became ineffective where the treatment decreased yield. This quantitative meta-analysis of 242 primary observations uncovers factors affecting the efficacy of vineyard practices to delay ripening, which should be carefully considered by grape growers attempting to achieve this outcome.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityPietro Previtali, Filippo Giorgini, Randall S. Mullen, Nick K. Dookozlian, Kerry L.Wilkinson and Christopher M. Ford-
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)-
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nanjing Agricultural University. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.-
dc.titleA systematic review and meta-analysis of vineyard techniques used to delay ripening-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidPrevitali, P. [0000-0003-1722-031X]-
dc.identifier.orcidWilkinson, K.L. [0000-0001-6724-9837]-
dc.identifier.orcidFord, C.M. [0000-0003-1617-2977]-
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
ARC Training Centre for Innovative Wine Production publications

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