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|Title:||Slow-release oral morphine versus methadone: a crossover comparison of patient outcomes and acceptability as maintenance pharmacotherapies for opioid dependence|
|Citation:||Addiction, 2004; 99(8):940-945|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Ltd|
|Timothy B. Mitchell, Jason M. White, Andrew A. Somogyi and Felix Bochner|
|Abstract:||AIMS: To evaluate slow-release oral morphine (SROM) as an alternative maintenance pharmacotherapy to methadone for treatment of opioid dependence. DESIGN: Open-label crossover study. SETTING: Out-patient methadone maintenance programme. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen methadone maintenance patients. INTERVENTION: Participants were transferred from methadone to SROM (once-daily Kapanol™) for approximately 6 weeks before resuming methadone maintenance. MEASUREMENTS: Patient outcomes were assessed (1) during the transition between medications (dose requirements, withdrawal severity) and (2) after at least 4 weeks on a stable dose of each drug (treatment preference, patient ratings of treatment efficacy and acceptability, drug use, health, depression and sleep). FINDINGS: Transfer from methadone to SROM was associated with relatively mild withdrawal for the first 5 days; the final mean SROM : methadone dose ratio was 4.6 : 1. Compared to methadone, SROM was associated with improved social functioning, weight loss, fewer and less troublesome side-effects, greater drug liking, reduced heroin craving, an enhanced sense of feeling ‘normal’ and similar outcomes for unsanctioned drug use, depression and health. The majority of subjects preferred SROM (78%) over methadone (22%). CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide justification for further evaluation of SROM as a maintenance pharmacotherapy for opioid dependence.|
|Keywords:||Methadone; opiate dependence; sustained-release morphine; treatment outcomes|
|Description:||The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com|
|Rights:||© 2004 Society for the Study of Addiction|
|Appears in Collections:||Pharmacology publications|
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