Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/23313
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Type: Journal article
Title: Psychiatric disorder and separation from military service: a 10-year retrospective study
Author: Creamer, M.
Carboon, I.
Forbes, A.
McKenzie, D.
McFarlane, A.
Kelsall, H.
Sim, M.
Citation: American Journal of Psychiatry, 2006; 163(4):733-734
Publisher: Amer Psychiatric Press Inc
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0002-953X
1535-7228
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Mark Creamer, Isla Carboon, Andrew B. Forbes, Dean P. McKenzie, Alexander C. McFarlane, Helen L. Kelsall, and Malcolm R. Sim
Abstract: Objective: This study investigated the association between the onset of psychiatric morbidity and separation from military service over a 10-year period (1991-2001). Method: The prevalence of affective, anxiety, somatic, and substance use disorders was assessed in 2,215 male Australian Navy personnel with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results: The onset of a psychiatric disorder during military service was related to a 19% greater risk of separation overall. The majority of those leaving military service did so in the first year after symptom onset. Personnel who remained in service past this period had no significantly elevated risk of separation in subsequent years. Conclusions: Psychiatric morbidity represents a significant potential cost to defense forces. Improved recognition and early management of mental health problems among military personnel may improve retention rates.
Keywords: Humans; Substance-Related Disorders; Disability Evaluation; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Retrospective Studies; Cohort Studies; Longitudinal Studies; Mental Disorders; Military Psychiatry; Mental Health Services; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Retirement; Gulf War; Military Personnel; Veterans; Australia; Male
Description: Copyright © 2006 American Psychiatric Association
RMID: 0020060827
DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.4.733
Appears in Collections:Psychiatry publications

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