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Type: Journal article
Title: Up-temperature flow of surface-derived fluids in the mid-crust: the role of pre-orogenic burial of hydrated fault rocks
Author: Clark, C.
Hand, M.
Faure, K.
Schmidt Mumm, A.
Citation: Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 2006; 24(5):367-387
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0263-4929
Statement of
C. Clark, M. Hand, K. Faure and A. Schmidt Mumm
Abstract: The Walter-Outalpa shear zone in the southern Curnamona Province of NE South Australia is an example of a shear zone that has undergone intensely focused fluid flow and alteration at mid-crustal depths. Results from this study have demonstrated that the intense deformation and ductile shear zone reactivation, at amphibolite facies conditions of 534 ± 20 °C and 500 ± 82 MPa, that overprint the Proterozoic Willyama Supergroup occurred during the Delamerian Orogeny (c. 500 Ma) (EPMA monazite ages of 501 ± 16 and 491 ± 19 Ma). This is in contrast to the general belief that the majority of basement deformation and alteration in the southern Curnamona Province occurred during the waning stages of the Olarian Orogeny (c. 1610–1580 Ma). These shear zones contain hydrous mineral assemblages that cut wall rocks that have experienced amphibolite facies metamorphism during the Olarian Orogeny. The shear zone rock volumes have much lower d18O values (as low as 1&) than their unsheared counterparts (7–9%), and calculated fluid d18O values (5–8%) consistent with a surfacederived fluid source. Hydrous minerals show a decrease in dD(H2O) from -14 to -22%, for minerals outside the shear zones, to -28 to -40%, for minerals within the shear zones consistent with a contribution from a meteoric source. It is unclear how near-surface fluids initially under hydrostatic pressure penetrate into the middle crust where fluid pressures approach lithostatic, and where fluid flow is expected to be dominantly upward because of pressure gradients. We propose a mechanism whereby faulting during basin formation associated with the Adelaidean Rift Complex (c. 700 Ma) created broad hydrous zones containing mineral assemblages in equilibrium with surface waters. These panels of fault rock were subsequently buried to depths where the onset of metamorphism begins to dehydrate the fault rock volumes evolving a low d18O fluid that is channelled through shear zones related to Delamerian Orogenic activity.
Keywords: delamerian; fluid flow; geochronology; shear zones; stable isotopes.
Description: The definitive version is available at
RMID: 0020060715
DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2006.00643.x
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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