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|Title:||Incidence, impact on the family and cost of gastroenteritis among 4 to 6-year-old children in South Australia|
|Citation:||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2006; 21(8):1320-1325|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Asia|
|Jane S Heyworth, Andrew Jardine, Gary Glonek and Edward J Maynard|
|Abstract:||Background: Gastroenteritis is an important cause of morbidity in both adults and children worldwide. Although the burden of morbidity and mortality is highest in developing countries, gastroenteritis is still a significant cause of morbidity in Australia, particularly in young children. The aims of the present study were to determine the incidence of gastroenteritis among 4–6-year-old children in South Australia, to describe the impact on daily activities of the child and caregiver and estimate the cost of gastroenteritis in this population. Methods: A diary study of drinking water consumption and gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms was undertaken among 965 rural children in South Australia over a 6-week period during February–May 1999. Data on the response to gastrointestinal episodes were collected by telephone surveys midway and at the end of the 6-week period. Costing was based on the methods of Hellard et al . Results: The incidence of community gastroenteritis among 4–6-year-old children was 5.53 episodes per child-year (95% confidence interval: 4.87–5.80). The costs associated with childhood gastroenteritis were estimated to be between $AU16 858 360 and $AU22 477 814 per annum. Conclusions: The incidence of community gastroenteritis among the 4–6-year-olds in the South Australian population is high and it costs the community a significant amount of money in terms of direct medical costs and time lost by parents and carers looking after their ill children.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Gastroenteritis; Incidence; Risk Factors; Cost of Illness; Child; Child, Preschool; Costs and Cost Analysis; Health Care Costs; South Australia; Female; Male|
|Description:||The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Statistics publications|
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