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|Title:||The Conserved, 5' Termini of RNAs 1 and 2 of Tomato aspermy virus are Dispensable for Infection but Affect Virulence|
|Citation:||Virus Genes, 2005; 30(2):181-191|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publ|
|Bu-Jun Shi, Peter Palukaitis and Robert H. Symons|
|Abstract:||The 5 terminus of each of the three genomic RNAs (RNAs 1, 2 and 3) of Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) begins with the sequence 5-GUUU, which is also shared by a number of other viruses. Mutagenic analyses showed that the 5-GUUU sequence of RNAs 1 and 2 of TAV was dispensable for viral infection and did not prevent symptom induction. On the other hand, substitution of U at position 5 for G in RNA 1, but not RNA 2, induced veinal necrosis symptoms in Nicotiana glutinosa. The mutants constructed included insertion of UUU into the 5-GUUU sequence of TAV RNAs 1 and/or 2. All RNA 2 mutants induced more severe symptoms than viral RNAs containing either mutated RNA 1 or most combinations of mutated RNAs 1 and 2. Some combinations of mutated RNAs 1 and 2 also induced veinal necrosis in N. glutinosa. Virulence was unrelated to the levels of viral RNA accumulation. Sequence analysis of progeny viral RNAs showed that only the mutant viral RNAs with a G to U substitution in RNA 1 and the deletion of the 5-GUUU in both RNAs 1 and 2 were able to maintain the same sequence as the inoculum. The other mutants either reverted to the wildtype sequence or underwent further deletion or insertion. None of the constructed mutants were able to compete for accumulation with the wildtype virus after co-inoculation to the plant species tested.|
|Keywords:||Cucumovirus; Tobacco; DNA, Viral; RNA, Viral; Virulence; Plant Diseases; Mutagenesis; Base Sequence; Conserved Sequence; RNA Stability|
|Description:||The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics publications|
Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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