Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/35724
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Type: Journal article
Title: Neurotropic viruses and cerebral palsy: population based case-control study
Author: Gibson, C.
MacLennan, A.
Goldwater, P.
Haan, E.
Priest, K.
Dekker, G.
Citation: British Medical Journal, 2006; 332(7533):76-79
Publisher: British Med Journal Publ Group
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0959-535X
1756-1833
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Catherine S. Gibson, Alastair H. MacLennan, Paul N. Goldwater, Eric A. Haan, Kevin Priest and Gustaaf A. Dekker.
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the association between cerebral palsy and direct evidence for perinatal exposure to neurotropic viruses. Design: Population based case-control study. Setting: Adelaide Women's and Children's Hospital Research Laboratory. Participants and main outcome measures: Newborn screening cards of 443 white case patients with cerebral palsy and 883 white controls were tested for viral nucleic acids from enteroviruses and herpes viruses by using polymerase chain reaction. Herpes group A viruses included herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8), and herpes group B viruses included varicella zoster virus (VZV) and human herpes viruses 6 and 7 (HHV-6 and HHV-7). Results: The prevalence of viral nucleic acids in the control population was high: 39.8% of controls tested positive, and the prevalence was highest in preterm babies. The detection of herpes group B viral nucleic acids increased the risk of developing cerebral palsy (odds ratio 1.68, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 2.59). Conclusions: Perinatal exposure to neurotropic viruses is associated with preterm delivery and cerebral palsy.
Keywords: South Australian Cerebral Palsy Research Group; Humans; Herpesviridae; Pregnancy Complications, Infectious; Herpesviridae Infections; Cerebral Palsy; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects; Odds Ratio; Case-Control Studies; Pregnancy; Infant, Newborn; Female; Obstetric Labor, Premature
Rights: © 2006 BMJ Publishing Group
RMID: 0020062188
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38668.616806.3A
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications
Cerebral Palsy Research Group publications

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