Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/41320
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Type: Journal article
Title: Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults
Author: Owen, N.
Cerin, E.
Leslie, E.
duToit, L.
Coffee, N.
Frank, L.
Bauman, A.
Hugo, G.
Saelens, B.
Sallis, J.
Citation: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2007; 33(5):387-395
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0749-3797
1873-2607
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Eva Leslie, Lorinne duToit, Neil Coffee, Lawrence D. Frank, Adrian E. Bauman, Graeme Hugo, Brian E. Saelens and James F. Sallis
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The physical attributes of residential neighborhoods, particularly the connectedness of streets and the proximity of destinations, can influence walking behaviors. To provide the evidence for public health advocacy on activity-friendly environments, large-scale studies in different countries are needed. Associations of neighborhood physical environments with adults' walking for transport and walking for recreation must be better understood. METHOD: Walking for transport and walking for recreation were assessed with a validated survey among 2650 adults recruited from neighborhoods in an Australian city between July 2003 and June 2004, with neighborhoods selected to have either high or low walkability, based on objective measures of connectedness and proximity derived from geographic information systems (GIS) databases. The study design was stratified by area-level socioeconomic status, while analyses controlled for participant age, gender, individual-level socioeconomic status, and reasons for neighborhood self-selection. RESULTS: A strong independent positive association was found between weekly frequency of walking for transport and the objectively derived neighborhood walkability index. Preference for walkable neighborhoods moderated the relationship of walkability with weekly minutes, but not the frequency of walking for transport--walkability was related to higher frequency of transport walking, irrespective of neighborhood self-selection. There were no significant associations between environmental factors and walking for recreation. CONCLUSIONS: Associations of neighborhood walkability attributes with walking for transport were confirmed in Australia. They accounted for a modest but statistically significant proportion of the total variation of the relevant walking behavior. The physical environment attributes that make up the walkability index are potentially important candidate factors for future environmental and policy initiatives designed to increase physical activity.
Keywords: Humans; Walking; Health Behavior; Environment Design; Residence Characteristics; Socioeconomic Factors; Recreation; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Australia; Female; Male
Description: Copyright © 2007 American Journal of Preventive Medicine Published by Elsevier Inc.
RMID: 0020073462
DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.025
Description (link): http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600644/description#description
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications

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