Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of ScienceĀ® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: Leaf-applied sodium chloride promotes cadmium accumulation in durum wheat grain
Author: Ozkutlu, F.
Ozturk, L.
Erdem, H.
McLaughlin, M.
Cakmak, I.
Citation: Plant and Soil, 2007; 290(1-2):323-331
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publ
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0032-079X
Statement of
Faruk Ozkutlu, Levent Ozturk, Halil Erdem, Mike McLaughlin and Ismail Cakmak
Abstract: Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in durum wheat grain is a growing concern. Among the factors affecting Cd accumulation in plants, soil chloride (Cl) concentration plays a critical role. The effect of leaf NaCl application on grain Cd was studied in greenhouse-grown durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. durum, cv. Balcali-2000) by immersing (10 s) intact flag leaves into Cd and/or NaCl-containing solutions for 14 times during heading and dough stages. Immersing flag leaves in solutions containing increasing amount of Cd resulted in substantial increases in grain Cd concentration. Adding NaCl alone or in combination with the Cd-containing immersion solution promoted accumulation of Cd in the grains, by up to 41%. In contrast, Zn concentrations of grains were not affected or even decreased by the NaCl treatments. This is likely due to the effect of Cl complexing Cd and reducing positive charge on the metal ion, an effect that is much smaller for Zn. Charge reduction or removal (CdCl20 species) would increase the diffusivity/lipophilicity of Cd and enhance its capability to penetrate the leaf epidermis and across membranes. Of even more significance to human health was the ability of Cl alone to penetrate leaf tissue and mobilize and enhance shoot Cd transfer to grains, yet reducing or not affecting Zn transfer.
Keywords: Salt; Durum wheat; Cadmium; Chloride; Grain cadmium
Description: The original publication can be found at
RMID: 0020076064
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-006-9164-6
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.