Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson and Karl Marx on the division of labour
Author: Hill, L.
Citation: Journal of Classical Sociology, 2007; 7(3):339-366
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1468-795X
Statement of
Lisa Hill
Abstract: <jats:p> Adam Smith (1723—90) and Adam Ferguson (1723—1816) shared a keen interest in the social, economic and individual effects of specialization. Though this mutual interest led to a protracted priority dispute between them, nevertheless their approaches differed significantly. Ferguson was generally more negative in his attitude and was also less interested in the economic effects of specialization, focusing instead on its adverse social ramifications. In fact, his work on the subject probably constitutes the first fully developed sociological account of the topic. Karl Marx quoted Ferguson approvingly and declared that he had been inspired by the latter's insights. But Smith too made some extremely negative and apparently pessimistic observations about the division of labour, giving rise to suggestions that his comments also `constitute a major source of inspiration for the socialist critique' of commercialism. This article compares and contrasts the respective approaches of the two Scots. It also pays particular attention to claims that there are parallels with Marx in their thinking. To what extent is this true? Further, if it is true, do they anticipate him in the same way? </jats:p>
Keywords: alienation; division of labour; Durkheim; Ferguson; inequality; Smith; Spencer; Marx; work
Rights: Copyright © 2007 SAGE Publications
RMID: 0020074117
DOI: 10.1177/1468795X07082086
Appears in Collections:Politics publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.