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Type: Journal article
Title: Trabecular bone modeling and subcapital femoral fracture
Author: Tsangari, H.
Kuliwaba, J.
Fazzalari, N.
Citation: The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 2007; 7(1):69-73
Publisher: The International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1108-7161
Statement of
H. Tsangari, J.S. Kuliwaba, N.L. Fazzalari
Abstract: Fragility fractures, including neck of femur fractures, result from reductions in the amount, quality and architecture of bone. The aim of this study was to compare the cancellous bone structure, and static indices of bone turnover, in female patients who had sustained fragility fracture at the femoral neck, with age-matched females without fragility fracture. Bone samples were taken from the intertrochanteric region of the proximal femur of female patients undergoing hip arthroplasty surgery for a subcapital fragility fracture of the femoral neck (#NOF) or from age-matched female control individuals at routine autopsy. The histomorphometric data, which were normally distributed, indicated no difference between the mean values for any of the structural parameters in control and fracture samples. In particular, the BV/TV values were not different and did not change significantly with age in these cohorts of individuals aged >65 years. The static indices of bone turnover, eroded surface (ES/BS) and osteoid surface (OS/BS), were positively correlated with age in the >65-year-old control group (p<0.05 and p<0.03, respectively). The median values for these indices were not different between the fracture and control groups. However, both the median and the range of OS/BS values were increased for >65-year-old controls compared with a group of younger females aged <65 years, suggesting an increase in bone formation in older females in the proximal femur after 65 years of age. When the data were further interrogated, a reduction in the percentage osteoid surface to eroded surface quotient (OS/ES) was found for the fracture group compared with the age-matched control group. These data indicate that perturbations in bone formation and/or resorption surface are potentially important in producing bone in the proximal femur with increased propensity to fracture. These data also support the concept that trabecular bone modeling may be a factor influencing bone strength in addition to bone mass.
Keywords: Trabecular Bone Modeling; Trabecular Bone Remodeling; Subcapital Femoral Fracture; Bone Formation Surface; Bone Resorption Surface
RMID: 0020074433
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Appears in Collections:Pathology publications

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