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Type: Journal article
Title: The clinical applications of fluorouracil in ophthalmic practice
Author: Abraham, L.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Casson, R.
Leibovitch, I.
Citation: Drugs, 2007; 67(2):237-255
Publisher: Adis International Ltd
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0012-6667
Statement of
Lekha M. Abraham, Dinesh Selva, Robert Casson and Igal Leibovitch
Abstract: Fluorouracil (5-fluorouracil, 5-FU) is a pyrimidine analogue that was originally known for its widespread use as an anticancer drug. The ability of 5-FU to reduce fibroblastic proliferation and subsequent scarring has made it an important adjunct in ocular and periorbital surgeries. It is used in primary glaucoma filtering surgeries and in reviving failing filtering blebs, in dacryocystorhinostomy, pterygium surgery, and in vitreoretinal surgery to prevent proliferative vitreoretinopathy. In addition, 5-FU is also gaining recognition in the treatment and surgical management of ocular surface malignancies like ocular surface squamous neoplasia; however, the specific action of the drug on highly proliferating cells limits its use in primary acquired melanosis of the conjunctiva. When applied topically, this drug has a low rate of sight-threatening adverse effects, is inexpensive, and is easy to administer, making it an important tool in enhancing the success rate in ophthalmic surgery and in reducing the recurrence of ocular surface neoplasia.
Keywords: Eye cancer; Eye surgery; Fluorouracil; Mitomycin
Description: Copyright © 2007 Adis Data Information BV. All right reserved.
RMID: 0020070406
DOI: 10.2165/00003495-200767020-00005
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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