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|Title:||Al-induced efflux of organic acid anions is poorly associated with internal organic acid metabolism in triticale roots|
|Citation:||Journal of Experimental Botany, 2003; 54(388):1753-1759|
|Publisher:||Oxford Univ Press|
|Organisation:||Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics (ACPFG)|
|Abstract:||The secretion of organic acid anions from roots has been identi®ed as a mechanism of resistance to Al. However, the process leading to the secretion of organic acid anions is poorly understood. The effect of Al on organic acid metabolism was investigated in two lines of triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmark) differing in Al-induced secretion of malate and citrate and in Al resistance. The site of Al-induced secretion of citrate and malate from a resistant line was localized to the root apices (terminal 5 mm). The levels of citrate (root apices and mature root segments) and malate (mature segments only) in roots increased during exposure to Al, but similar changes were observed in both triticale genotypes. The in vitro activities of four enzymes involved in malate and citrate metabolism (citrate synthase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, malate dehydrogenase, and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase) were similar for sensitive and resistant lines in both root apices and mature root segments. The response of these enzymes to pH did not differ between tolerant and sensitive lines or in the presence and absence of Al. Moreover, cytoplasmic and vacuolar pH were not affected by exposure to Al in either line. Together, these results indicate that the Aldependent ef¯ux of organic acid anions from the roots of triticale is not regulated by their internal levels in the roots or by the capacity of the root cells to synthesize malate and citrate.|
|Keywords:||Aluminium resistance; citrate; malate; organicacid anion efflux; organic acid metabolism; triticale|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics publications|
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