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|Title:||Temporal constraints on the timing of high-grade metamorphism in the northern Gawler Craton: implications for assembly of the Australian Proterozoic|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2008; 55(5):623-640|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis Ltd.|
|Abstract:||LA-ICPMS U-Pb data from metamorphic monazite in upper amphibolite and granulite-grade metasedimentary rocks indicate that the Nawa Domain of the northern Gawler Craton in southern Australia underwent multiple high-grade metamorphic events in the Late Paleoproterozoic and Early Mesoproterozoic. Five of the six samples investigated here record metamorphic monazite growth during the period 1730-1690 Ma, coincident with the Kimban Orogeny, which shaped the crustal architecture of the southeastern Gawler Craton. Combined with existing detrital zircon U-Pb data, the metamorphic monazite ages constrain deposition of the northern Gawler metasedimentary protoliths to the interval ca 1750-1720 Ma. The new age data highlight the craton-wide nature of the 1730-1690 Ma Kimban Orogeny in the Gawler Craton. In the Mabel Creek Ridge region of the Nawa Domain, rocks metamorphosed during the Kimban Orogeny were reworked during the Kararan Orogeny (1570-1555 Ma). The obtained Kararan Orogeny monazite ages are within uncertainty of ca 1590-1575 Ma zircon U-Pb metamorphic ages from the Mt Woods Domain in the central-eastern Gawler Craton, which indicate that high-grade metamorphism and associated deformation were coeval with the craton-scale Hiltaba magmatic event. The timing of this deformation, and the implied compressional vector, is similar to the latter stages of the Olarian Orogeny in the adjacent Curnamona Province and appears to be part of a westward migration in the timing of deformation and metamorphism in the southern Australian Proterozoic over the interval 1600-1545 Ma. This pattern of westward-shifting tectonism is defined by the Olarian Orogeny (1600-1585 Ma, Curnamona Province), Mt Woods deformation (1590-1575 Ma), Mabel Creek Ridge deformation (1570-1555 Ma, Kararan Orogeny) and Fowler Domain deformation (1555-1545 Ma, Kararan Orogeny). This westward migration of deformation suggests the existence of a large evolving tectonic system that encompassed the emplacement of the voluminous Hiltaba Suite and associated volcanic and mineral systems.|
|Keywords:||Australia; Gawler Craton; geochronology; granulite; LA-ICPMS; monazite; Proterozoic|
|Description:||Copyright © 2008 Informa|
|Appears in Collections:||Geology & Geophysics publications|
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