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|Title:||Neck strain in car occupants: injury status after 6 months and crash-related factors|
|Citation:||Injury, 1994; 25(8):533-537|
|Organisation:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)|
|G.A. Ryan, G.W. Taylor, V.M. Moore and J. Dolinis|
|Abstract:||In this study, 29 individuals who sustained a neck strain as a result of a car crash were drawn from a group of physiotherapy and general practices and were followed up after 6 months. The aim was to examine relationships between the state of the neck injury at the time of follow up and crash-related factors, notably crash severity and occupant awareness. Crash severity was assessed by measurement of damage to the involved vehicles, while 6-month injury status was established through physical examinations and interviews. No statistically significant associations between crash severity and 6-month injury status were found, but subjects who were unaware of the impending collision had a greatly increased likelihood of experiencing persisting symptoms of and/or signs of neck strain, compared with those who were aware (odds RATIO = 15.0; 95 per cent confidence limits: 1.8, 178). While the role of crash severity in the production and duration of neck strains remains unclear, awareness appears to have a strong protective influence and may prove to be a useful prognostic indicator in clinical settings.|
|Keywords:||Neck Muscles; Humans; Sprains and Strains; Follow-Up Studies; Awareness; Accidents, Traffic; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Physical Therapy Modalities|
|Description:||Copyright © 1994 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research publications|
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