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Type: Conference paper
Title: Pearling and SKCS Analysis of Australian Barley for the Asian Food Market
Author: Washington, J.
Roumeliotis, S.
Kaczmarek, R.
Barr, A.
Citation: Barley Technical / Cereal Chemistry 2003, conference proceedings : a joint meeting for the 11th Australian Barley Symposium and the 53rd Australian Cereal Chemistry Conference, 7-10 September 2003 : 5p.
Publisher: Australian Barley Technical Symposium
Publisher Place: Glen Osmond, South Australia
Issue Date: 2003
Conference Name: Australian Barley Technical Symposium (11th : 2003 : Glenelg, South Australia)
Abstract: Australian barley sold to the Asian food market (apart from malt) is mainly pearled for use either as a rice extender, in the production of miso paste or for the Japanese spirit, shochu. The shochu market is the most profitable of the Asian staple foods to Australian barley producers. Barley that meets shochu grade will suit the majority of Asian food market requirements. Pearling quality is of greatest importance to buyers of shochu quality barley. Measurements of pearling quality using a small-scale pearler are laborious and qualitative. The Single Kernel Characterisation System from Perten Instruments has been under investigation, to quantitatively measure barley uniformity and determine its usefulness in predicting pearling quality. Previously, we found that SKCS could be used to predict pearling yield, screenings less than 2.0mm and broken kernels (Washington et al., 2001). Since these findings were based on a two-year study only, Pearling and SKCS analysis was performed over four years to validate the use of SKCS as a predictor of pearling quality. The diverse climate and soil types unique to South Australia have enabled a thorough investigation of grain quality for the shochu market. South Australia and Western Australia currently export Schooner (SA) and Stirling (WA) to Japan for shochu. Each variety provides unique properties desirable to shochu manufacturers. However, there is a need to investigate the quality of other varieties and breeding lines in order to select grain that provides consistent uniformity over diverse environmental conditions. A calibration to predict hardness using Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy was investigated as a useful rapid screening tool at the silo. In this paper we discuss the environmental conditions, varieties and breeding lines most suitable for production of premium shochu grade barley.
Keywords: Pearling; Barley; SKCS; Hardness; Shochu; beta-glucan; food; NIR
RMID: 0020075393
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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