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|Title:||Spontaneous preterm birth and small for gestational age infants in women who stop smoking early in pregnancy: prospective cohort study|
|Citation:||British Medical Journal, 2009; 338(7710):1-6|
|Publisher:||British Med Journal Publ Group|
|Lesley M E McCowan, Gustaaf A Dekker, Eliza Chan, Alistair Stewart, Lucy C Chappell, Misty Hunter, Rona Moss-Morris and Robyn A North|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: To compare pregnancy outcomes between women who stopped smoking in early pregnancy and those who either did not smoke in pregnancy or continued to smoke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Auckland, New Zealand and Adelaide, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 2504 nulliparous women participating in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study grouped by maternal smoking status at 15 (+/-1) week's gestation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Spontaneous preterm birth and small for gestational age infants (birth weight <10th customised centile). We compared odds of these outcomes between stopped smokers and non-smokers, and between current smokers and stopped smokers, using logistic regression, adjusting for demographic and clinical risk factors. RESULTS: 80% (n=1992) of women were non-smokers, 10% (n=261) had stopped smoking, and 10% (n=251) were current smokers. We noted no differences in rates of spontaneous preterm birth (4%, n=88 v 4%, n=10; adjusted odds ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval l0.49 to 2.18; P=0.66) or small for gestational age infants (10%, n=195 v 10%, n=27; 1.06, 0.67 to 1.68; P=0.8) between non-smokers and stopped smokers. Current smokers had higher rates of spontaneous preterm birth (10%, n=25 v 4%, n=10; 3.21, 1.42 to 7.23; P=0.006) and small for gestational age infants (17%, n=42 v 10%, n=27; 1.76, 1.03 to 3.02; P=0.03) than stopped smokers. CONCLUSION: In women who stopped smoking before 15 weeks' gestation, rates of spontaneous preterm birth and small for gestational age infants did not differ from those in non-smokers, indicating that these severe adverse effects of smoking may be reversible if smoking is stopped early in pregnancy.|
|Keywords:||SCOPE consortium; Humans; Premature Birth; Pregnancy Outcome; Prospective Studies; Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Trimester, First; Adult; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Small for Gestational Age; Female|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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