Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/5475
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Type: Journal article
Title: Degeneration of the atlanto-axial joints - A histological study of 9 cases
Author: Berlemann, U.
Laubli, R.
Moore, R.
Citation: Acta Orthopaedica, 2002; 73(2):130-133
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 1745-3674
0001-6470
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Berlemann, Ulrich ; Läubli, Ralph ; Moore, Robert J
Abstract: Degeneration of the lateral atlanto-axial joints (AAJ) has been described as a potential cause of severe neck pain. However, hardly any data are available on its incidence, especially in comparison to the lower cervical spine. In this histological study, we examined the AAJs in 9 specimens from elderly patients, graded the findings and compared them to those in the facet joints of the lower cervical spine. Most histological changes in the AAJs were mild, but the changes in the lower cervical spine were severer. Previous mechanical studies have described the AAJ as a very mobile joint with large neutral zones, which may explain the mild degree of osteoarthrosis found in these specimens.
Keywords: Cervical Vertebrae; Atlanto-Axial Joint; Zygapophyseal Joint; Humans; Osteoarthritis; Neck Pain; Range of Motion, Articular; Severity of Illness Index; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Female; Male
RMID: 0020020274
DOI: 10.1080/000164702753671687
Appears in Collections:Pathology publications

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