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|Title:||The interactive effect of alcohol and folic acid on genome stability in human WIL2-NS cells measured using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay|
|Citation:||Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 2008; 657(1 Sp Iss):32-38|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Theodora Teo and Michael Fenech|
|Abstract:||Chromosomal mutations are commonly found in cancer cells, and can be caused by several factors including dietary insufficiency and exposure to environmental and life-style genotoxins. Folate (vitamin B9), one of the essential micronutrients, is required for DNA repair and synthesis and to maintain genome stability. Since excessive alcohol (ethanol) consumption may alter folate status and low folate might alter susceptibility to alcohol toxicity, a study was performed to investigate the individual and interactive impacts of folic acid (FA) and ethanol on genome stability in vitro. The experiments were performed using WIL2-NS cells cross-tested at three FA (20, 200 and 2000 nM) and four ethanol concentrations (0, 0.09, 0.36 and 1.34%, v/v) over a two-week culture time. Chromosomal damage and cytotoxicity were measured using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay. The present study showed dose-related genotoxic effects of both decreasing folic acid concentration and increased ethanol on day 15 resulting in significant induction of micronuclei, nuclear buds and nucleoplasmic bridges which are biomarkers of chromosome breakage or loss, gene amplification and chromosomal rearrangement, respectively. Increased ethanol and FA deficiency interacted to further significantly increase micronuclei and nucleoplasmic bridges. However there was no evidence showing alcohol's ability to cleave FA. The findings from this study suggest a protective effect of FA against alcohol-induced DNA damage and that FA deficiency in the physiological range has a stronger impact on genome stability than exposure to cytotoxic doses of ethanol achievable in binge drinking.|
|Keywords:||Folic acid; Alcohol; Genome stability; Micronucleus assay; WIL2-NS cells|
|Description:||Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Pharmacology publications|
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