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Type: Journal article
Title: Retention of Sm-Nd isotopic ages in garnets subjected to high-grade thermal reworking: implications for diffusion rates of major and rare earth elements and the Sm-Nd closure temperature in garnet
Author: Dutch, R.
Hand, M.
Citation: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 2010; 159(1):93-112
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0010-7999
Statement of
Rian Dutch and Martin Hand
Abstract: Garnet is a vital mineral for determining constrained P–T–t paths as it can give both the P–T and t information directly. However, estimates of the closure temperature of the Sm–Nd system in garnet vary considerably leading to significant uncertainties in the timing of peak conditions. In this study, five igneous garnets from an early Proterozoic 2414 ± 6 Ma garnet—cordierite bearing s-type granite—which was subjected to high-T reworking have been dated to examine their diffusional behaviour in the Sm–Nd system. Garnets 8, 7, 6 and 2.5 mm in diameter were compositionally profiled and then dated, producing two-point Sm–Nd isochron ages of 2412 ± 10, 2377 ± 5, 2370 ± 5 and 2365 ± 8 and 2313 ± 11 Ma, respectively. A direct correlation exists between grain size and amount of resetting highlighting the effect of grain size on closure temperature. Major element EMPA and LA-ICPMS REE traverses reveal homogenous major element profiles and relict igneous REE profiles. The retention of REE zoning and homogenisation of major element zoning suggest that diffusion rates of REEs are considerably slower than that of the major cations. The retention of REE zoning and the lack of resetting in the largest grains suggest that Sm–Nd closure temperature in garnet is a function of grain size, thermal history and REE zoning in garnet
Keywords: Garnet; Closure temperature; Sm–Nd; Diffusion; Peraluminous granite; Geochronology
Description: Accepted: 21 June 2009. Published online: 10 July 2009
RMID: 0020091377
DOI: 10.1007/s00410-009-0418-1
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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