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Type: Journal article
Title: A method for determination of retention of silver and cerium oxide manufactured nanoparticles in soils
Author: Cornelis, G.
Kirby, J.
Beak, D.
Chittleborough, D.
McLaughlin, M.
Citation: Environmental Chemistry, 2010; 7(3):298-308
Publisher: C S I R O, Publishing
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1448-2517
Statement of
Geert Cornelis, Jason K. Kirby, Douglas Beak, David Chittleborough and Mike J. McLaughlin
Abstract: Methods to study the retention of manufactured nanoparticles (MNP) are lacking for soils that are likely to be increasingly exposed to MNP. In this study we present, for the first time, a method to determine retention values (Kr) of Ag and CeO2 MNP, that can be ranked among solid–liquid partitioning (Kd) values of bulk (micrometre-sized) forms, soluble salts and other possible contaminants of soils. After method optimisation, suspensions containing 1.24 mg kg–1 Ag as Ag MNP and 1.30 mg kg–1 Ce as CeO2 MNP were added to five soils. More than 7% of Ag MNP occurred as soluble AgI after 24 h and the range of Kr values of Ag MNP (77–2165 L kg–1) and CeO2 MNP (1.1–2828 L kg–1) contrasted with Kd values of soluble AgI, CeIII and CeIV salts and bulk Ag and CeO2 powders in different soils.
Keywords: Kd, Kr, partitioning, risk assessment, transport.
Rights: © CSIRO 2010
DOI: 10.1071/EN10013
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